Original Article

Validity and Reliability Study of Parental Monitoring Scale in Diabetes Care of Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes


  • Çiğdem Türk
  • Hülya Karataş
  • Murat Bektaş

Received Date: 12.11.2015 Accepted Date: 27.01.2016 J Pediatr Res 2016;3(1):35-40


The research is a methodological study in order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the parental monitoring scale in diabetes care of type 1 adolescents with type 1 diabetes. And its adaptation to Turkish patients.

Materials and Methods:

The study was conducted with parents of type 1 diabetes adolescents, who applied to the children and endocrinology clinics of two hospitals in the province Şanlıurfa between November 2013 and February 2014. The samples of this study consist of 206 parents of adolescents, who agreed to join this investigation, whose diabetic child was between 12-18 years old, who had been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at least one year ago, who didn’t have a delay with issues related to development or other chronical medical problems. The data collection tools used are Descriptive characteristics questionnaire and Parental Monitoring of Diabetes Care Questionnaire (PMDC-R)”.


In this study the internal consistency coefficient Cronbach alpha value is 0.85. For the reliability study, the item-total correlations between 0.19-0.62 of the 27 item scale was found to be statistically significant(p<0.001). The test-retest reliability coefficient between 0.92-0.99 was found statistically significant (p<0.001).


PMDC-R is found to be valid and reliable when looking at diabetes care considering the results of parental monitoring scale. It is recommended to apply PMDC-R in a wider sample for determining the factors affecting parental monitoring.

Keywords: Type 1 Diabetes mellitus, adolescents, parents, reliability, validity

Full Text (Turkish)